Changes between Version 4 and Version 5 of RepresentationFormats


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Timestamp:
10/18/10 14:21:48 (9 years ago)
Author:
masc01
Comment:

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  • RepresentationFormats

    v4 v5  
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    24 === 3.2.2. EMMA === 
    25 The Extensible Multimodal Annotation Language EMMA, a W3C Recommendation, is “an XML markup language for containing and annotating the interpretation of user input” ![37]⁠. As such, it is a wrapper language that can carry various kinds of payload representing the interpretation of user input. The EMMA language itself provides, as its core, the<!emma:interpretation>element, containing all information about a single interpretation of user behaviour. Several such elements can be enclosed within an<!emma:one-of>element in cases where more than one interpretation is present. An interpretation can have an!emma:confidenceattribute, indicating how confident the source of the annotation is that the interpretation is correct; time-related information such as!emma:start,!emma:end, and!emma:duration, indicating the time span for which the interpretation is provided; information about the modality upon which the interpretation is based, through the!emma:mediumand!emma:modeattributes; and many more. 
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    27 Figure 4 shows an example EMMA document carrying an interpretation of user behaviour represented using EmotionML (see below). The interpretation refers to a start time. It can be seen that the EMMA wrapper elements and the EmotionML content are in different XML namespaces, so that it is unambiguously determined which element belongs to which part of the annotation. 
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    29 EMMA can also be used to represent Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) output, either as the single most probable word chain or as a word lattice, using the<!emma:lattice>element. 
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    3126=== 3.2.3. EmotionML ===